LG Chem and AVEO Oncology announced that it has enrolled the first patient in the United States for a Phase 1 clinical study of LB-LR1109 (NCT06332755; LG project code LR19155), LG Chem's first proprietary anti-cancer investigational drug candidate. LG Chem will be collaborating closely with AVEO Oncology, its wholly owned subsidiary, that specializes in oncology development and commercialization, to advance strategies for late-stage clinical development and regulatory approval. This is a Phase 1, multi-center, open-label, non-randomized, dose escalation study designed to determine the recommended Phase 2 dose of LB-LR1109 and to evaluate safety, tolerability, preliminary efficacy, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and pharmacodynamics of LB-LR1109, and its potential impact on quality of life.

The study is evaluating participants with unresectable and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, head and neck squmous cell carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma, or malignant melanoma who have progressed on standard of care treatment options. In preclinical studies of LB-LR1109, LG Chem observed dose-dependent anti-cancer effects. Subsequently, the company received approval for an Investigational New Drug application from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in December last year.

Leukocyte Immunoglobulin Like Receptor B-1 (LILRB1), a protein released by cancer cells to prevent immune cell attacks, is commonly expressed on the surfaces of several immune cells, including T cells, natural killer cells (NK cells), and macrophages (phagocytic cells). This mechanism is believed to work by activating the tumor-eradicating cells such as T cells, NK cells, and macrophages simultaneously.i This simultaneous activation of overall immune cell functions may differentiate it from existing therapies that focus on single immune cells like T cells. The advancement of this program into the clinic brings LG Chem and AVEO Oncology one step closer to realizing vision of becoming one of the world's leading oncology companies with a robust clinical pipeline of innovative therapies.